Publication Ethics


Al-Noor journals are committed to upholding the highest standards of scholarly ethics in the publication process. We believe that rigorous ethical guidelines are essential for maintaining the integrity of research and fostering trust in academic discourse. These guidelines apply to all authors, reviewers, and editors involved in the publication process.


  • Originality: All submitted manuscripts must be original work by the authors. Plagiarism in any form will not be tolerated. Authors must properly cite and reference any work or text from other sources, including websites.
  • Authorship Attribution: Authorship should be limited to individuals who have made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported research. All authors must agree to the final version of the manuscript submitted for publication.
  • Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest: Authors must disclose any potential conflicts of interest that could influence the interpretation of their findings. This includes financial interests, personal relationships, or affiliations that could be perceived as biasing the research.

Peer Review

  • Confidentiality: The peer review process is confidential. Reviewers will not disclose any information about the submitted manuscript to anyone other than the journal editors. Authors' identities will be anonymized during the review process, unless the journal uses a double-blind review system where authors and reviewers are unknown to each other.
  • Objectivity: Reviewers are expected to provide fair and objective assessments of the submitted manuscript based on its originality, methodological soundness, significance, and clarity. Personal opinions or biases should not influence the review process.

Editorial Responsibilities

  • Fairness and Objectivity: Editors are responsible for ensuring a fair and objective review process. They should select qualified reviewers with expertise in the relevant field and avoid any conflicts of interest.
  • Ethical Considerations: Editors have the authority to reject manuscripts that do not meet ethical standards, including those with plagiarism, falsified data, or unethical research practices.
  • Data Availability and Transparency: Authors are encouraged to share data underlying their research, following ethical and legal considerations. Transparency in data handling and reporting strengthens the research and allows for independent verification.

Retraction and Correction

Al-Noor journals are committed to correcting any errors or misconduct that may be identified in published articles. In cases of serious ethical violations, such as plagiarism or falsification of data, the journal may retract the article. Retractions will be clearly marked in the online version of the article and a retraction notice will be published. In cases of minor errors, the journal may publish a correction notice to clarify the information.


These ethical guidelines are intended to ensure the integrity and credibility of research published in Al-Noor journals. By adhering to these principles, authors, reviewers, and editors can contribute to a scholarly environment that promotes high-quality research and intellectual advancement.